Bearded dragons originate from Central and Eastern Australia. They generally have a good and docile temperament provided they are well cared for and handled. They have a lifespan 10-12 years.
Like most reptiles bearded dragons also have specific environmental needs and requirements. They require a tank habitat (4×2 ft long for 2 adults) with a heated basking area. A UVB light and a basking light are required to keep your pet happy. The lights should be on for 12-14 hours per day to ensure an optimum daytime temperature of 27-35 C in the habitat. At night the temperature should be allowed to drop down to approximately 21 C. Humidity should be kept at 20-30%. Suitable substrate or bedding mater include ceramic tile, reptile carpet or newspaper, paper towels (for young/juvenilles). Sand and other types of loose substrate or bedding should be avoided and these can lead to impaction (not being able to pass faeces).
A diet of live prey including crickets, roaches or mealworms as well as fresh greens and vegetables should be given daily. When feeding greens and vegetables small pieces should be given. Young bearded dragons require a higher amount of live prey and a small amount of vegetables but this changes as they get older. Crickets and mealworms can be dusted in calcium supplement powder. A young dragon should be fed approximately 80% live prey and 20% greens and vegetables until 12-15 months old. At this age protein intake can be gradually reduced until the diet fed consists of a higher quantity of greens (80% of adult diet) compared to protein (20% of adult diet). Vegetables that are high in calcium should be given such as rocket, kale and romaine lettuce but other vegetables including carrots and broccoli can be added for variety. Water can be provided in a small shallow dish.